Interprofessional Roles and Responsibilities: Developing Competence Through a Simulated Team Meeting for a Patient with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Purpose/Hypothesis : Understanding healthcare professionals' roles and responsibilities is one of the core competencies for interprofessional collaborative practice (ICP). A simulated healthcare team meeting addressing the needs of a patient with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) was used to highlight the roles and responsibilities of providers from 9 different healthcare professions, including physical therapy. We anticipated that this large-scale, lunch-hour educational event would improve the understanding of roles and responsibilities of the different healthcare providers participating in the simulated team meeting.Number of Subjects : Over 200 students and faculty from the University of Kansas Medical Center representing Medicine, Nursing, Respiratory Therapy, Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech Language Pathology, Health Information Management, Clinical Lab Sciences, and Dykes Library attended this educational event.Materials/Methods : An interprofessional healthcare team composed of a physician, respiratory therapist, physical therapist, occupational therapist, speech language pathologist, dietician, nurse anesthetist, registered nurse and social worker simulated a team meeting for an ALS patient for this research. Pre- and post-event surveys were used to assess attendeesÕ understanding of the roles and responsibilities of the healthcare providers that participated in the team meeting. Debriefing was conducted directly after the simulation.Results : Pre- and post-event surveys were completed by 130 and 157 attendees, respectively. Post-event surveys revealed that 96% of attendees learned something new about the roles and responsibilities of the different professions involved in the team meeting, with 80% of attendees reporting that their perceptions of the different professions changed. Completed surveys indicated that an accurate understanding of the different professionsÕ roles and responsibilities improved from pre- to post-event by an average of 270%, with the smallest and largest improvements seen for physician (53%) and respiratory therapist (373%), respectively. The understanding of physical therapist roles and responsibilities improved by 293%. Over 100 written comments were received, relating to overlap in the roles of the different professions, the importance of collaboration, communication and teamwork, patient-centered care, and the expansion of the roles and responsibilities.Conclusions : A simulated healthcare team meeting that involved 9 different professions improved the understanding of healthcare professional roles and responsibilities.Clinical Relevance : Improved ICP competency is needed to optimally provide patient-centered care, especially when working in an increasingly complex healthcare environment and with patients who have complicated medical conditions. Core competencies for ICP can be effectively targeted with large-scale, lunch-hour educational events when appropriate planning and robust learning activities are employed.

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  • Control #: 1726630
  • Type: Poster
  • Event/Year: CSM2014
  • Authors: Stephen Jernigan, Bethene Gregg, Heather Collins
  • Keywords: Roles and Responsibilities|Interprofessional Education|Interprofessional Simulation

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