Influence of Demographic Factors on Embodiment of the APTA Core Values by Physical Therapists

Purpose/Hypothesis : Though expected to do so, it is unknown whether all physical therapists ( PT's) uphold the core values of the APTA and additionally whether certain demographic factors influence the embodiment of those values. This study set out to measure the influence of the following demographic factors; age, gender, ethnicity, level of education, practice ownership, and years of experience, on the degree of embodiment of the core values by PTÕs.Number of Subjects : Six hundred and sixty eight PTs (215 M, 415 F) from across the United States, who were members of the APTA.Materials/Methods : Permission was obtained from the APTA to create a modified version of the Core Values Self-Assessment. The modified survey contained 5 sample behaviors pertaining to each core value totaling 35 items in random order. Titles and descriptions of the core values were not included. The survey was mailed out to a random sample of 1500 PTs using a mailing list obtained from the APTA. Respondents ranked the frequency with which they demonstrated each sample behavior.Results : Mann Whitney U tests were conducted on the variables of gender and practice ownership. Gender was associated with significant differences (p < 0.05) of group on value for 2 of the core values; Compassion and Integrity. Practice ownership was associated with significant differences (p < 0.05) of group on value for 5 of the values; Altruism, Integrity, Professional Duty, and Social Responsibility. The Kruskal-Wallis One-Way ANOVA by Ranks test was conducted to evaluate differences in distribution, for the remaining categories. Post Hoc Mann Whitney U tests were utilized to evaluate pairwise comparisons where significant differences were found. Age was associated with a significant effect of group on value (p < 0.05) for 5 of the core values; Accountability, Social Responsibility, Altruism, Professional Duty, and Integrity. Years of practice was associated with significant differences of group on value (p < 0.05) for 5 values; Altruism, Accountability, Integrity, Professional Duty, and Social Responsibility. Educational level was associated with significant differences of group on value (p < 0.05) for 6 values; Accountability, Altruism, Excellence, Integrity, Professional Duty, and Social Responsibility. Ethnicity was unable to be analyzed due to insufficient numbers of subjects in certain categoriesConclusions : The findings indicate that embodiment of the core values can be influenced by demographic factors such as age, gender, practice ownership, years of practice, and educational levelClinical Relevance : Differing values among PTs may lead to conflict in the workplace and the more that is known, the more that can be done to ease conflict. Emphasis can also be made at the educational level in the design of instructional objectives to help ensure PTs of various demographic groups embody all of the core values. This method of measurement may also be useful for determining if educational programs are effective at teaching students/future PTÕs to embody the core values

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  • Control #: 1726836
  • Type: Poster
  • Event/Year: CSM2014
  • Authors: Jill S. Horbacewicz, Yaron Barach, Aryeh Dicker, Brandon van Kempen
  • Keywords: Core Values|professional values

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