Clinical InstructorsÕ Perceptions on Providing Clinical Education to Physical Therapy Students: ÊSupports, Barriers, and Preferences for Change

Purpose: Physical therapist education is undergoing a paradigm shift, but little is known about clinical instructorsÕ (CIs) current views on providing clinical education (CE). The objectives of this study are to determine: trends related to CI demographics; CI perceptions of factors in CE; the relationship of supports and barriers to CE provision decisions; and preferences for change in models of CE and CI education.Methods/Description: A 74 question survey was developed using Survey Monkey by 2 experienced Directors of Clinical Education (DCE) and 2 PT students. Items selected for inclusion were based on the literature. The survey components include: CI demographics, CE provision frequency, CI agreement with CE statements, and preferences for barriers to change and supports. A 5-point Likert scale was used to gather data on CIsÕ agreement with CE factors. Open-ended questions were used to identify top benefits and barriers to providing CE. 11 DCEs in the Ohio-Kentucky ConsortiumÊfor Clinical EducationÊprovided expert review of content. The authors then revised the survey to improve question clarity and intention. Institutional Board Review was granted by Youngstown State University. A convenience sample of Ohio licensed physical therapists (PTs) was obtained from the licensure board (n= 7712). PTs were excluded if not practicing in Ohio or its bordering states and if listed as active military, academicians, or researchers. Incorrect contacts and choice toÊblock Survey Monkey emails resulted in a final sample sizeÊof 6273. Emailed and paper surveys were sent and re-sent after 4 weeks to those who did not respond. In all cases, completed surveys constituted informed consent. Data analysis included descriptive statistics and a regression analysis.Results/Outcomes: A response rate of 12% (n= 753) was obtained. Item response rate percentage for all survey items ranged from .98 to 1.0. Results show 40.2% of PTs supervise at least one PT student each year, 11.4% take a student every other year, 11.4% take a student every 3 or more years, and 36.9% do not take students. Demographics were analyzed in relationship to their influence on CI decision making in providing CE. Factors that do not influence decisions include: age, gender, APTA membership, advanced specialty certification, and PT degree held. Increased practice experience positively influences providing CE as does full-time work status and CI training. The top barriers for providing CE are: financial concerns, caseload issues, and job role characteristics. The top supports for providing CE are: professional development, a supportive environment, academic collaboration and financial benefits. ÊRegression analysis is being run, more data will be shared in platform presentation.Conclusions/Relevance to the conference theme: Shaping the Future of Physical Therapy Education: The future of PT education should include consideration of CI prefences for changes in CE barriers and supports. Understanding the CIÊview has relevance to the development of future CI education programsÊand CE models due to the shared responsibility in providing CE.References: Beckel C, Austin TM, Kettenbach G, Sargeant D. Computer and internet access for physical therapist clinical education. J Phys Ther Educ.Ê2008;22(3):19-23. Bourne JA, Dziedzic K, Morris SJ, Jones PW, Sim J.ÊSurvey of the perceived professional, educational and personal needs of physiotherapists in primary care and community settings.ÊHealth Soc Care Community. 2007;15(3):231-237. Buccieri KM, Schultze K, Dungey J, et al. 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  • Control #: 1991510
  • Type: Platform
  • Event/Year: ELC2014
  • Authors: Suzanne Giuffre, Amy Both
  • Keywords:

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