GetFIT:Ê Promoting Wellness of Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Purpose: Healthy living involves participation in physical activity and maintaining proper nutrition. Many individuals find it difficult to maintain a balance of physical activity and eating well but this is especially true with individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). It is currently estimated that 1 in 6 children in the US have a developmental disability and the prevalence of developmental disabilities across the United States increased by 17% from 1999 to 2008 (Boyle et al., 2011). This number is expected to continue to rise as the number of children being diagnosed with autism in NJ continues to increase; currently 1 in 49 children in New Jersey will be diagnosed with autism (CDC, 2011). The health of individuals with IDD is an ongoing concern. It is estimated that 36% of adults with IDD are obese compared to 23% of adults without disabilities. In children, 22% with IDD are obese while only 16% of children without disabilities are obese; a 38% higher rate for children with disabilities (CDC, 2011). ÊÊCommunity fitness activities may be difficult to find or access for these individuals. The primary purpose of the GetFIT program was to provide a mechanism to improve health and wellness among individuals with IDD.Ê The second goal was to give future health care workers the experience of working with this population.Ê The project was also designed to provide services with students from pre-professional and professional programs in the health sciences. ÊMethods/Description: The GetFIT program was offered on campus and in the community for individuals with IDD.Ê Baseline and post test measures of fitness, physical activity, nutrition and quality of life were collected.Ê Participants engaged in a 10 week (2x / wk) exercise and nutrition program. ÊServices were provided by Graduate students from Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, and Nursing as well as undergraduate students from the School of Health Sciences.Ê Students completed the ÒAttitudes Toward Health Care TeamsÓ survey (Curran et al., 2008) and participated in focus group discussions to explore their experiences.Results/Outcomes: Improvements were noted on select outcome measures of health and wellness for individuals with IDD.Ê For many students, working on this project was their initial exposure to individuals with IDD.Ê In addition, working as part of an interprofessional team provided opportunities to achieve expected IPE Core Competencies. ÊConclusions/Relevance to the conference theme: Shaping the Future of Physical Therapy Education: The Association for Prevention Teaching and Research recently published a curriculum development guide for health professions faculty entitled:Ê Advancing Interprofessional Clinical Prevention and Population Health EducationÓ that links strategies to achieve Healthy People 2020 goals with the Core Competencies for Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC).Ê This presentation will describe a modelÊfor educating future health professionals to provide prevention and wellness servicesÊfor individuals with IDD as part of an interprofessional team. ÊReferences: Boyle, C.A., Boulet, S., Schieve, L., Cohen, R.A., Blumberg, S.J., Yeargin-Allsop, M., Visser, S., & Kogan, M.D. (2011). Trends in the prevalence of developmental disabilities in US children, 1997-2008. Pediatrics, 127(6),ÊÊ 1034-1042. Doi: 10.1542/peds.2010-2989. CDC (2011). Developmental disabilities increasing in the US. Retrieved February 3, 2013 from http://www.cdc.gov. Meyer, S. M., Garr, D. R, Evans, C.Ê (2013).Ê Advancing Interprofessional Clinical Prevention and Population Health Education:Ê Curriculum Development Guide for Health Professions Faculty. Retrieved March 4,2014 from http://nexusipe.org. Interprofessional Education Collaborative Expert Panel.Ê Core competencies for interprofessional collaborative practice:Ê report of an expert panel.Ê Washington, D.C. 2011 Ê Curran VR, Sharpe D, Forristall J, Flynn K,Ê Attitudes of health sciences students towards interprofessional teamwork and education.Ê Learning in Health & Social Care.Ê 2008;7(3):146-156 Ê

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  • Control #: 1995442
  • Type: Platform
  • Event/Year: ELC2014
  • Authors: Patricia Q. McGinnis, Alysia Mastrangelo
  • Keywords:

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