Making Cadaveric Dissection Come to Life!Ê Connecting Gross Anatomy Content to Clinical Practice

Purpose: The accessibility of multimedia learning systems, the changing learning styles of millenial students, and the financial and time cost of maintaining a cadaver lab have brought many academic settings to question the traditional teaching methods of dissection, prosection, and lectures in learning clinically relevant human anatomy. The purpose of this presentation is to describe an elective course in a professional physical therapy program that not only reinforces previous learning from gross anatomy but applies that learning toward clinical understanding of orthopaedic surgical procedures and relevant postsurgical rehabilitation.Methods/Description: This course provides physical therapy students an opportunity to return to the cadaver anatomy lab with the intent of simulating an orthopaedic surgical procedure to gain a better understanding of that surgery.Ê After selecting a topic of interest, the student adequately exposes the regional anatomy of the cadaver, then utilizes creative tools (eg, drills,Êhardware screws, soda can aluminum, needle and thread) to replicate the surgery itself and the implants employed.Ê The enhanced appreciation of the surgery, the tissues involved, and the implants used afford the student a better understanding of the safest, most efficient rehabilitation pathway to employ postoperatively.Ê Students orally present the condition, the relevant surgery, and an appropriate rehabilitation protocol for the procedure. Lastly, the students create a patient education document for the purpose of educating a hypothetical patient about the surgery and subsequent rehabilitation.Ê One cadaver is used for the class of 8 to12 students.Ê Each student presents to the rest of the class, providingÊthe students aÊlearning opportunity forÊseveral orthopaedic procedures and the associated rehabilitation.Ê Students are encouraged to select common orthopaedic procedures that would reflect a typical orthopaedic physical therapy practice and therefore provide more useable information.Results/Outcomes: Students have found this course enjoyable and useful as they consider their future careers in physical therapy.Ê Course evaluations have annually demonstrated a high rating for the course (mean 4.6/5.0).Ê As the students approach completion of their physical therapy curriculum, they expressÊgreat satisfaction with theÊpracticality of the course for their anticipated professional practices.Conclusions/Relevance to the conference theme: Shaping the Future of Physical Therapy Education: As expressed by students, this course provides a great connection between the basic science of gross anatomy and clinical application relevant to their physical therapy practices.Ê The content, withÊitsÊunique approach to cadaver dissection,Êreinforces prior learning as well as further expands knowledge and application to clinical practice.References: Benninger B, Matsler N, Delamarter T.Ê Classic versus millennial medical lab anatomy.Ê Clin Anat.Ê 2014. Davis CR, Bates AS, Ellis H, Roberts AM.Ê Human anatomy:Ê let the students tell us how to teach.Ê Anat Sci Educ.Ê 2013. Pearce M, Evans D.Ê Students developing resources for students.Ê Clin Teach.Ê 2012. Saltarelli AJ, Roseth CJ, Saltarelli WA.Ê Human cadavers vs multimedia simulation:Ê a study of student learning in anatomy.Ê Anat Sci Educ.Ê 2014. Sugand K, Abrahams P, Khurana A.Ê The anatomy of anatomy:Ê a review for its modernization.Ê Anat Sci Educ.Ê 2010.

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  • Control #: 1996029
  • Type: Poster
  • Event/Year: ELC2014
  • Authors: Mark A. Romanick, Peggy M. Mohr
  • Keywords:

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